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Research


Women & Term Limits

This section contains CAWP's research on the impact of term limits on women and minorities.

 

"Unrealized Opportunity? Term Limits and the Representation of Women in State Legislatures"
Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins
Women & Politics 23:4 [2001]: 1-30
A general overview on the effect of term limits on the numbers of women in elective office. Using data from the state legislative elections of 1998 and 2000, Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins examine empirically the expectation prevalent in the women and politics literature that the implementation of term limits will lead to increases in the numbers of women legislators.

"Increasing Diversity or More of the Same? Term Limits and the Representation of Women, Minorities, and Minority Women in State Legislatures"
Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins
National Political Science Review 10 [2005]: 71-84
A general overview on the effect of term limits on the numbers of women and minorities in elective office. This paper examines the question of whether term limits lead to greater diversity among legislators in terms of their gender, race, and ethnicity. Their findings from an analysis of electoral outcomes in states where term limits were in effect in 1998 and 2000 suggest that the answer to the question of whether term limits lead to more diverse legislatures is not straightforward.

"The Impact of Term Limits on Women"
Susan J. Carroll
Spectrum, 2001, 3 pages
In an article published in Spectrum: The Journal of State Government, information is presented that finds "contrary to the expectation of term-limit advocates and many scholars, the number of women serving in term-limited statehouse seats actually decreased following the 1998 and 2000 elections."

Term Limits and the Representation of Women
Mary Hawkesworth and Katherine E. Kleeman
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2001, 24 pages
In November, 1999 CAWP convened a meeting in New Brunswick, New Jersey to examine preliminary data on the impact of term limits on women’s representation and to explore how women might capitalize upon the political opportunities created by term limits. CAWP invited representatives from twelve states in which term limits have already become effective (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Ohio, Oregon, and South Dakota). This monograph reports on the conference and on early findings about the impact of term limits on women's representation.