Impact of Women Public Officials

Women in State Government: Still Too Few

by Susan J. Carroll
in The Book of the States, Vol. 48 edited by The Council of State Governments (Lexington, KY: The Council of State Governments, 2016).

In recent years the movement of women into state-level offices has slowed after several decades of gains. Efforts to actively recruit women for elective and appointive positions will be critical in determining what the future holds for women in state government.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Impact of Women Public Officials
Women Political Appointees
Statewide Executive
State Legislature

The Changing Face of Representation: The Gender of U.S. Senators and Constituent Communications

by Kim L. Fridkin and Patrick J. Kenney, Arizona State University
University of Michigan Press, 2014, 256 pages

This book is part of the CAWP Series in Gender and American Politics published by the University of Michigan Press in association with CAWP. Fridkin and Kenney examine in detail senators' official websites,  press releases and local news stories, as well as surveys of citizens to discern constituents' attitudes about their senators.    

Book
Research
CAWP Series in Gender and American Politics
Candidates and Campaigns
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress

Women in State Government: Historical Overview and Current Trends

by Susan J. Carroll 
Chapter in The Book of the States, edited by The Council of State Governments, 2004

Women have significantly increased their numbers among state government officials over the past several decades. However, despite a recent increase in the number of women governors, women’s progress, especially at the statewide elective and state legislative levels, has slowed. The future for women in state government would seem to depend, at least in part, upon the strength of efforts to actively recruit women for elective and appointive positions.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Impact of Women Public Officials
Women Political Appointees
Statewide Executive
State Legislature

Are US Women Legislators Accountable to Women? The Complementary Roles of Feminist Identity and Women’s Organizations

by Susan J. Carroll
2003, 14 pages

This report was prepared by Susan J. Carroll, senior CAWP scholar, for a conference held at St. John's College, University of Manitoba, in May, 2003. While we have considerable evidence that women legislators give greater priority to women’s issues than their male colleagues, we know less about why they do so. What is the process underlying the substantive representation of women by women legislators? Why does the representation of women by women legislators happen? This paper examines these questions with particular attention to the role of women’s organizations and networks.

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Civic and Political Activism
Impact of Women Public Officials

The Impact of Women in Public Office

Edited by Susan J. Carroll 
Indiana University Press, 2001, 256 pages

The studies in this book examine the impact of women public officials serving in various offices and locales at local, state, and national levels.  Order from Amazon and a percentage of the sale goes to CAWP.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature
Local

Women State Legislators: Past, Present, and Future

Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2001, 14 pages

In 2001, CAWP surveyed female and male state legislators and compared the new data with prior CAWP research findings. The initial brief research reports include descriptions of women legislators today and comparisons with their male colleagues as well as with their 1988 counterparts.

Report
CAWP Scholar
Research
Impact of Women Public Officials
State Legislature

Legislating by and for Women: A Comparison of the 103rd and 104th Congresses

by Mary Hawkesworth, Debra Dodson, Katherine E. Kleeman, Kathleen J. Casey, and Krista Jenkins
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2000, 51 pages

This report examines the political work of women legislators in the 103rd and 104th congresses as they attempted to transform their commitment to represent women into law. 

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress

Welfare Reform in the 104th Congress: Institutional Position and the Role of Women

by Susan J. Carroll (with Kathleen J. Casey)
Book chapter in Women and Welfare: Theory and Practice in the United States and Europe, edited by Nancy J. Hirschmann and Ulrike Liebert (Rutgers University Press, 2001)

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress

Representing Women: Congresswomen's Perceptions of Their Representational Roles

by Susan J. Carroll, 2000, 12 pages

This report assesses the extent to which women members of Congress see themselves and act as surrogate representatives for women who may live beyond the borders of their districts. (Data based on larger CAWP report on women members of the 103rd and 104th Congresses.)

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress

Voices, Views, Votes: Women in the 103rd Congress

by Debra L. Dodson, Susan J. Carroll, Ruth B. Mandel, Katherine E. Kleeman, Ronnee Schreiber, and Debra Liebowitz
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1995, 32 pages

This report examines how the women in the 103rd Congress acted to shape the content of legislation, to build support for bills, and to create a political environment in which they could effect change. 

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress

Pages