Candidates and Campaigns

Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Edited by Susan J. Carroll 
Oxford University Press, 2003, 262 pages

This volume presents a research agenda, developed by leading scholars of American politics, suggesting directions that could fruitfully shape the study of women and American politics in the early twenty-first century. Contributors suggest approaches, methods, and topics for future research on political recruitment, campaign strategy, money, political leadership, parties and women's organizations, the gender gap in voting and public opinion, media, women of color, and participation outside of conventional electoral politics.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
Civic and Political Activism
Political Parties
Women Voters and the Gender Gap
Women of Color in Politics

Gender, Political Ambition, and the Initial Decision to Run for Office

by Richard L. Fox 
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2003, 14 pages 

Funding for this report was provided by the Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University. The report sheds light on how women and men think about running for office and the manner in which their attitudes will affect the future prospects of gender parity in U.S. governing bodies. Fox concentrates his research on factors such as age, party affiliation, personal income, external support, and notoriety.

Article
Research
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns

“Gender Stereotypes and Vote Choice"

by Kira Sanbonmatsu
American Journal of Political Science, 2002 (January)

The author argues that many voters have a baseline gender preference to vote for male over female candidates, or female over male candidates. Using original survey data, the author finds that this general predisposition or preference can be explained by gender stereotypes about candidate traits, beliefs, and issue competencies, and by voter gender. The author also argues that this baseline preference affects voting behavior.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Women Voters and the Gender Gap

Gender Differences in Print Media Coverage of Presidential Candidates: Elizabeth Dole's Bid for the Republican Nomination

by Caroline Heldman, Susan J. Carroll, and Stephanie Olson 
American Political Science Association, 2000, 15 pages 

This report examines Elizabeth Dole's bid for the Republican presidential nomination and the ways in which gender bias affected media coverage.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns

Women and American Politics: A Research Agenda for the 21st Century

Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1996, 29 pages 

In April 1994, CAWP convened a group of 79 scholars, researchers, political practitioners, and activists to help identify existing gaps in our knowledge, discuss the reasons for the gaps, and imagine the kinds of research projects needed to address unanswered questions in our understanding of women's political behavior.

Report
Research
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
Civic and Political Activism
Women Voters and the Gender Gap

Equality Deferred: Women Candidates for the New Jersey Assembly 1920-1993

by Richard P. and Katheryne McCormick 
Center for American Women and Politics, 1994, 49 pages 

This report explores the history of women's candidacies for the New Jersey Assembly and analyzes some of the reasons for the status of women as office-seekers in the state. 

Report
New Jersey
Research
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
State Legislature

Women as Candidates in American Politics

by Susan J. Carroll
Indiana University Press, 1994, second edition, 264 pages

This book examines political parties' recruitment of women candidates, the factors that affect the outcomes of women's primary election campaigns, the future officeholding ambitions of women candidates, and women candidates' views on women's issues. 

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns

Women, Black, and Hispanic State Elected Leaders: The 1990 Symposium on the State of the States

Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey 
Center for Public Service, University of Virginia
1991, 106 pages

In December 1990, more than sixty statewide officials, state legislators, other practitioners and scholars gathered for the fourth annual State of the States symposium. The symposium focused on the problems and possibilities that exist for women, Black and Hispanic elected officials. Issues discussed included campaigning and elections, changing political institutions, shaping state policy, and achieving leadership positions. Workshop summaries and participating scholars' papers are included in the report. 

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns
Impact of Women Public Officials
Women of Color in Politics
Statewide Executive
State Legislature

Woman Candidates and Support for Feminist Concerns: The Closet Feminist Syndrome

by Susan J. Carroll
The Western Political Quarterly (June 1984) 

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidates and Campaigns

Women's Routes to Elective Office: A Comparison with Men's

Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1983, 223 pages

Based on data collected through surveys of women and men elected to state legislatures, county governing boards, and municipal offices, this report examines the factors which influence women's entry into elective offices. A major section focuses on black women's routes to elective office.

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns

Pages