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Facts

Research on Women of Color in Politics

The Gender and Multicultural Leadership Project (GMCL) is a national study of America’s political leadership in the 21st century, with a focus on race, ethnicity, and gender.  The project specifically addresses African American, Latina/o, Native American, and Asian American elected officials in U.S. politics. The principal investigators are: Christine Marie Sierra, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of New Mexico; Carol Hardy-Fanta, Director, Center for Women in Politics & Public Policy, University of Massachusetts-Boston; Pei-te Lien, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of California at Santa Barbara; and Dianne M. Pinderhughes, Professor, Department of Political Science and Department of Africana Studies, University of Notre Dame. For more information, visit the project's web site.

Women's Evolving Role in Tribal Politics: Native Women Leaders in 21 Southwestern Indian Nations

Diane-Michele Prindeville

2002, 36 pages
Diane-Michele Prindeville’s study explores the role of Southwestern Native American women leaders in tribal politics, and their right to participate equally with men in their nations’ governance.  Using data from personal interviews with officials from 21 Indian nations in Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah, she addresses the characteristics of women tribal leadership, the roles of those leaders, their goals and constraints.  She believes that by studying the political participation of American Indian women leaders we can gain a greater understanding of their political goals, their contributions to their communities, and the conditions that lead to women’s equal and legitimate involvement in tribal politics.

"Increasing Diversity or More of the Same? Term Limits and the Representation of Women, Minorities, and Minority Women in State Legislatures"
Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, 2001, 12 pages
A general overview on the effect of term limits on the numbers of women and minorities in elective office. This paper examines the question of whether term limits lead to greater diversity among legislators in terms of their gender, race, and ethnicity. Their findings from an analysis of electoral outcomes in states where term limits were in effect in 1998 and 2000 suggest that the answer to the question of whether term limits lead to more diverse legislatures is not straightforward.