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Facts


Gender Gap in Voting

The gender gap in voting refers to the difference in the percentage of women and the percentage of men voting for a given candidate. This section contains information about the gender gap in recent and past elections:

Fact Sheets

Gender Gap: Voting Choices In Presidential Elections
Lists percentages of women and men voting for presidential candidates 1980-2012. The gender gap in voting refers to the difference in the percentage of women and the percentage of men voting for a given candidate. A gender gap in voting for presidential candidates has been apparent in every election since 1980.

Gender Gap: Party Identification and Presidential Performance Ratings
Polling data from 1981-2014 on differences between men and women on party identification and presidential performance ratings, from Ronald Reagan through Barack Obama.

Gender Gap: Attitudes on Public Policy
Polling data from 2012 on differences between men and women on selected policy issues.

Analysis/Research

Gen Dems: The Party's Advantage Among Young Voters Widens
In surveys conducted between October 2007 and March 2008, 58% of voters under age 30 identified or leaned toward the Democratic Party, compared with 33% who identified or leaned toward the GOP. The Democratic Party's current lead in party identification among young voters has more than doubled since the 2004 campaign, from 11 points to 25 points. ...The Democrats' advantage among the young is now so broad-based that younger men as well as younger women favor the Democrats over the GOP -- making their age category the only one in the electorate in which men are significantly more inclined to self-identify as Democrats rather than as Republicans.

Super Tuesday - Proportions of Men and Women Voting for Hillary Clinton
This CAWP fact sheet lists proportions of men and women voting for Hillary Clinton in primary states on super Tuesday, February 5, 2008.

The Gender Gap and the 2004 Women’s Vote: Setting the Record Straight
Media coverage this election season has featured a great deal of misinformation about the gender gap and women’s voting patterns. This advisory explains the gender gap issue, the women's vote and provides some facts, both current and historical, on the gender gap and the women's vote.

Gender Gap in the 2000 Elections
Gender gaps among voters were evident in most of the races this year, including the presidential contest as well as Senate, House and gubernatorial elections.

Gender Gap in the 1998 Elections

Women Voters and the Gender Gap
This is a link to a web page established by the American Political Science Association Online (APSAnet) that discusses the gender gap in the 2004 election and historically, and provides a list of books and articles that offer more detailed information on the subject.

Press Releases

Gender Gap Evident in all 2012 Gubernatorial Races
Gender gaps in voting were evident in all seven 2012 gubernatorial races where exit polls were conducted by Edison Research, according to an analysis by the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP), a unit of the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Gender gaps – defined as measurable differences in the proportions of women and men who voted for the winning candidates – ranged from 3 to 11 points in these races.
 

Women's Votes Critical to Democrats Retaining Control of the U. S. Senate in 2012
Women's votes made the difference in the outcomes of several high-profile races that helped Democrats retain control of the U.S. Senate, according to an analysis of Edison Research exit polls conducted by the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP) at Rutgers University. In seven high-visibility races where exit polls were conducted, men voted for the losing Republican candidate, while a majority of women cast their ballots for the winning Democratic candidate.

Women's Votes Decisive in 2012 Presidential Race
Women's votes were decisive in Barack Obama's victory, according to an analysis of exit poll data by the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP), a unit of the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers. The State University of New Jersey. A majority of women (55%) cast their ballots for President Barack Obama, while a majority of men (52%) voted for Governor Mitt Romney, according to Edison Research.
 
Gender Gap Widespread in 2010 Elections: Women Less Likely than Men to Support Republican Candidates
Gender gaps in voting were evident in almost all 2010 U.S. Senate and gubernatorial races where exit polls were conducted by Edison Research, according to an analysis by the Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP), a unit of the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University.

Women Voters Less Likely Than Men to Support Republican Women Candidates; Gender Gap Remains a Force in Election 2010
Despite the attention to Republican women candidates in the 2010 elections, polls show that the presence of a Republican woman candidate in a race has not eliminated the gender gap or reversed its direction. In most 2010 races, as in past elections, women were more likely than men to prefer the Democratic candidate regardless of the gender of the candidates.

Gender Gap Evident in the 2008 Election: Women, Unlike Men, Show Clear Preference for Obama over McCain
Women’s votes were a significant factor in Senator Barack Obama’s victory, with a sizable gender gap evident in the election results, according to an analysis of exit poll data by the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University.

Election 2006: Women’s Votes Pivotal in Shifting Control of US Senate to Democrats
Women voters provided the critical margin of victory in three must-win races that enabled Democrats to regain control of the US Senate, according to exit polls conducted by Edison Media Research and Mitofsky International. This advisory gives the details.

The Gender Gap Persists in 2004 Election
The gender gap remained a notable factor in the 2004 presidential election, according to an analysis of exit poll data by the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University. This advisory gives the details.

The Gender Gap in 2004 Election Widespread
The gender gap is evident in almost all segments of the electorate. Across many different demographic categories, women less often than men voted for George W. Bush. This advisory provides a breakdown of the vote in various categories, e.g. race, age, marital status.