State Legislatures

Facts

Women in State Legislatures 2017

State by state listing and ranking of numbers and percentages of women in state legislative office.


Women in State Legislative Leadership 2017

Listing of women in leadership positions in state senates and state houses and ranking of percentage of women holding leadership postions by state.


Women State Legislative Committee Chairs 2017

Numbers and percentage of women state legislative committee chairs by state.


Women in State Legislatures 1975-2016

State by state listing of numbers and percentages of women elected to state legislatures for 1975 through 2014.


Fact Sheet Archive on Women in State Legislatures by Year (1975-2016)

Women Candidates and Winners in State Legislative Races - Historical Summary

Year-by-Year Candidates and Election Results (1996-2016)

Research

Do Term Limits Help Women Get Elected?

by Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins
Social Science Quarterly 82 (March 2001)

The authors' analysis suggests that term limits, unaccompanied by efforts to recruit women to run for term-limited seats, may be insufficient to increase the number of women state legislators. 

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

“Partisan Dynamics of the Gender Gap among State Legislators”

by Susan J. Carroll
Spectrum: The Journal of State Government (Fall 2002) 

Overall, women state legislators today are more liberal in their political ideology and policy attitudes than their male colleagues. Today’s gender gap is due more to the disproportionate number of Democrats among women legislators. The greatest change over time has taken place among Republican women representatives, who are more conservative and more like their male counterparts. 

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Political Parties
State Legislature

"Political Parties and the Recruitment of Women to State Legislatures"

by Kira Sanbonmatsu
Journal of Politics 2002, Volume 64 (August)

This article analyzes the role of political parties in shaping women's representation across the U.S. states. 

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Candidate Recruitment
Political Parties
State Legislature

Women State Legislators: Past, Present, and Future

Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 2001, 14 pages

In 2001, CAWP surveyed female and male state legislators and compared the new data with prior CAWP research findings. The initial brief research reports include descriptions of women legislators today and comparisons with their male colleagues as well as with their 1988 counterparts.

Report
CAWP Scholar
Research
Impact of Women Public Officials
State Legislature

Unrealized Opportunity? Term Limits and the Representation of Women in State Legislatures

by Susan J. Carroll and Krista Jenkins 
Women & Politics 23:4 [2001]: 1-30 

A general overview on the effect of term limits on the numbers of women in elective office.

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

The Impact of Women in Public Office

Edited by Susan J. Carroll 
Indiana University Press, 2001, 256 pages

The studies in this book examine the impact of women public officials serving in various offices and locales at local, state, and national levels.  Order from Amazon and a percentage of the sale goes to CAWP.

Book
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
Congress
Statewide Executive
State Legislature
Local

The Impact of Term Limits on Women

by Susan J. Carroll 
Spectrum: The Journal of State Government, 2001, 3 pages 

This article finds that "contrary to the expectation of term-limit advocates and many scholars, the number of women serving in term-limited statehouse seats actually decreased following the 1998 and 2000 elections."

Article
Research
CAWP Scholar
Women and Term Limits
State Legislature

Equality Deferred: Women Candidates for the New Jersey Assembly 1920-1993

by Richard P. and Katheryne McCormick 
Center for American Women and Politics, 1994, 49 pages 

This report explores the history of women's candidacies for the New Jersey Assembly and analyzes some of the reasons for the status of women as office-seekers in the state. 

Report
New Jersey
Research
Candidate Recruitment
Candidates and Campaigns
State Legislature

Women State Legislators, Women's Organizations, and the Representation of Women's Culture in the United States

by Susan J. Carroll
Book chapter in Women Transforming Politics: Worldwide Strategies for Empowerment, edited by Jill M. Bystydzienski (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991)

Book Chapter
Research
CAWP Scholar
Civic and Political Activism
State Legislature

Reshaping the Agenda: Women in State Legislatures

by Debra L. Dodson and Susan J. Carroll
Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, 1991, 122 pages

This report examines gender differences among state legislators in their policy views, actions, and perspectives on the legislative process. 

Report
Research
CAWP Scholar
Impact of Women Public Officials
State Legislature

Pages